Natalia Hallam Counselling DipHE (Distinction), MBACP Counselling and Psychotherapy in Fareham

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Empowerment, Resilience, Emotional Freedom


Abuse and Trauma

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety based condition, first recognised in soldiers of war as "shell shock". PTSD is now frequently diagnosed in people who have experienced or witnessed traumatic events, such as; car accidents, being violently attacked, raped or kidnapped, natural disasters, terrorist attacks or witnessing people being hurt or killed as part of your job.

The experience of PTSD is unique to each individual. However, there are a number of common symptoms:

  • Reliving the trauma; intrusive thoughts, memories, flashbacks, nightmares, physical pain, sweating, nausea or shaking
  • Feeling on edge; panic, alertness, difficulty sleeping, feeling easily irritated or angry, poor memory or difficulty concentrating
  • Avoiding feelings/ memories; feeling numb, unable to express affection, using alcohol or drugs to avoid memories, staying busy
  • Difficult thoughts/ feelings; feeling unsafe, misunderstood, angry, sad, guilty or to blame, unable to trust others
  • Symptoms of anxiety; fast breathing and heartbeat, nausea/ dizziness, churning stomach, feeling restless, sweating/ flushing and headaches, backache or other physical pain


  • Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD)

    Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder results from repeated relational trauma or trauma caused by another person. You may be suffering from CPTSD, if you have experienced:

  • Childhood abuse, neglect or abandonment or you witnessed domestic abuse of another
  • Childhood sexual abuse or exploitation
  • Domestic abuse and violence
  • Rape or sexual violence
  • Witnessing abuse and violence
  • Being forced to become a sex worker


    You may experience a number of symptoms of PTSD and any of the following:

  • Feeling; empty, hopeless, permanently damaged or worthless, different to others, no one can understand you, you can not trust others
  • Struggle to; control your emotions, to engage with family and friends
  • Avoid; social event, family and friends
  • Experience; suicidal thoughts, dissociation


  • Abuse & Trauma. BACP Registered Member

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